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HAL:  Gempa Langka Di Washington DC Menjelang Tanggal 24 Dan Soal Crack


Police close Pennsylvania Avenue after the White House has been evacuated after an earthquake which struck the east coast of the United States, in Washington August 23, 2011. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER)  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 12:51pm
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Office workers evacuated from buildings on Wall Street in New York stand outside after a magnitude 5.9 earthquake that struck the U.S. East Coast August 23, 2011. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER ENVIRONMENT IMAGES OF THE DAY)  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 01:30pm
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A worker with Baltimore Gas and Electric walks past a square where workers wait for word to re-enter their office buildings after an earthquake was felt in Baltimore on Tuesday, Aug. 23, 2011. Downtown office buildings were cleared and workers were waiting for clearance to re-enter. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky) Tue, Aug 23, 2011
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Office workers stand outside after being evacuated from buildings on Broadway in New York, after a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck the US East Coast, August 23, 2011. The strong earthquake was felt as far away as Canada on Tuesday, shaking buildings in many cities, delaying flights and trains and sending thousands of frightened workers into the streets. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER ENVIRONMENT) Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 01:23pm
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People stand outside the World Bank headquarters building in Washington after evacuating following an earthquake, August 23, 2011. An unusually strong and shallow 5.9 magnitude earthquake hit the U.S. East Coast and Canada, shaking buildings, forcing evacuation of office buildings in several cities and delaying flights in New York. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER ENVIRONMENT) Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 12:52pm
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Part of the library’s roof crumbled during the 5.9 magnitude earthquake can be seen on the street outside a library in Washington DC. dailymail.co.uk / EPA
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Employees of Inter-American Development Bank gather around in the median of New York Avenue in Washington August 23, 2011, following a magnitude 5.9 earthquake that struck the U.S. East Coast. Pictured L-R: James Desrosiers, Victoria Marquez Mees, Ana Nunez Sanchez and Ines Elisa Clavier. REUTERS/Hyungwon Kang (UNITED STATES – Tags: ENVIRONMENT DISASTER SOCIETY) Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 12:15pm
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NEW YORK, NY – AUGUST 23: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg speaks during a press conference to address the 5.9-magnitude earthquake New Yorkers felt on August 23, 2011 in New York City. The epicenter of the 5.9 earthquake was located near Louisa in central Virginia. Two nuclear power plants at the North Anna Power Station in the same county were reportedly taken offline. (Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images) Getty Images via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 01:32pm
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Cars were smashed in Virginia after the huge East Coast earthquake. dailymail.co.uk / MSNBC
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US Park Service helicopter patrols over the White House in Washington, Tuesday, Aug. 23, 2011, as a member of the Secret Service walks across the roof of the White House following an earthquake in the Washington area. The 5.9 magnitude earthquake centered northwest of Richmond, Va., shook much of Washington, D.C., and was felt as far north as Rhode Island and New York City. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais) Tue, Aug 23, 2011
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Dominion Virginia Power’s North Anna Power Station in Mineral, Virginia is pictured in this undated photograph obtained on August 23, 2011. Two nuclear reactors at North Anna plant were shut down on Tuesday after the facility lost power following a strong earthquake that rattled the U.S. East Coast, but company officials said there was no major damage from the 5.9 magnitude quake, which was centered in Mineral. REUTERS/Dominion Power/Handout (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER ENERGY) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 03:07pm
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Debris covers the floor of the Miller’s Mart food store in Mineral, Va., a small town northwest of Richmond near the earthquake’s epicenter, Tuesday, Aug. 23, 2011. The most powerful earthquake to strike the East Coast in 67 years shook buildings and rattled nerves from South Carolina to Maine. (AP Photo/Steve Helber) Tue, Aug 23, 2011 Cracks appear on the facade of a building on Market Street in downtown Philadelphia following an earthquake along the East Coast Tuesday Aug. 23, 2011. A 5.9 magnitude earthquake centered in Virginia forced evacuations of all the monuments in Washington and rattled nerves from the southern state of Georgia to Martha’s Vineyard, the Massachusetts island in the northeast where President Barack Obama is vacationing. (AP Photo/Jacqueline Larma) AP via Yahoo! News – Aug 23 12:25pm
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Walikota Washington DC sejak awal tahun 2011 dijabat oleh Vincent C. Gray.
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Map locates the epicenter of an earthquake in Virginia AP Tue, Aug 23, 2011.
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map from census.gov
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Gempa bumi di Virginia yang dekat dengan Washington DC pada 23 Agustus 2011 lalu sempat menimbulkan keheranan karena kejadian gempa bumi di pantai Timur, East Coast, yang antara lain terdapat kota Washington DC dan New York,  sangat langka dibandingkan dengan di pantai Barat, West Coast, yang antara lain terdapat California, seperti terlihat pada data berikut ini. Data ini diperoleh dari situs USGS dan memuat gempa bumi sebelum gempa 23 Agustus 2011.
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Daftar Gempa Bumi Di California Sejak Tahun 1980 Dengan Kekuatan Mulai Dari M 5,5 Keatas ( angka sebelah kiri adalah tahun, bulan dan tanggal ) :
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Daftar Gempa Bumi Di New York Sejak Tahun 1884 Dengan Kekuatan Mulai Dari M  3,3 Keatas:
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Daftar Gempa Bumi Di Virginia Sejak Tahun 1897 Dengan Kekuatan Mulai Dari M  3,9 Keatas
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Mr. Crack
After graduating with a doctoral degree from the Aachen Institute in 1965, Habibie joined the aircraft manufacturing firm Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Bluhm, rising to the rank of vice-president. As a research scientist and aeronautical engineer, he helped design several planes, including the DO-31, an innovative vertical takeoff and landing craft. He specialized in solutions for aircraft cracking, gaining the nickname Mr. Crackas one of the first scientists to calculate the dynamics of random crack propagation. He also became involved in international aircraft marketing activities and NATO’s defense and economic development.
source: answers.com
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Washington Monument top cracked by earthquake
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AP – Tue, Aug 23, 2011
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WASHINGTON (AP) — The National Park Service says engineers have found a crack near the top of the Washington Monument presumably caused by a magnitude-5.8 earthquake that shook the East Coast.
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Park service spokesman Bill Line said Tuesday night that structural engineers found the crack where the 555-foot landmark narrows considerably. He says the monument will be closed indefinitely to keep the public safe.
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An outside engineering service will study the crack on Wednesday. The 91,000-ton monument is made of Maryland marble.
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The top of the Washington Monument is seen in Washington, Wednesday, Aug. 24, 2011, as it remains closed after Tuesday’s earthquake. A day after an earthquake rattled the nation’s capital, officials begin assessing the damage to some of the city’s oldest, and tallest, cultural landmarks including the National Cathedral and The Washington Monument. The monument remains closed after a crack was discovered at the top of the towering white obelisk on The National Mall. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak)  AP via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:20am
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Inspectors work inside the Washington Monument in Washington, DC, in this handout taken and released on August 24, 2011. The earthquake that shook much of the East Coast cracked one of the stones at the top of the monument, a National Park Service spokesman said on Wednesday. The crack in one of the stones in the monument’s pyramidium – the pyramid shape at the very top – was suspected in two early inspections and was detected during an early evening inspection by helicopter, spokesman Bill Line said. Additional cracks were discovered on Wednesday. REUTERS/National Park Service/Handout (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS CONSTRUCTION) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:46pm
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Small cracks are visible near the top of the Washington Monument in Washington, DC, in this handout taken on August 23, 2011 and released on August 24. The earthquake that shook much of the East Coast cracked one of the stones at the top of the monument, a National Park Service spokesman said on Wednesday. The crack in one of the stones in the monument’s pyramidium – the pyramid shape at the very top – was suspected in two early inspections and was detected during an early evening inspection by helicopter, spokesman Bill Line said. REUTERS/National Park Service/Handout (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS CONSTRUCTION) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:26pm
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Small cracks are visible from the inside of the Washington Monument in Washington, DC, in this handout taken and released on August 24, 2011. The earthquake that shook much of the East Coast cracked one of the stones at the top of the monument, a National Park Service spokesman said on Wednesday. The crack in one of the stones in the monument’s pyramidium – the pyramid shape at the very top – was suspected in two early inspections and was detected during an early evening inspection by helicopter, spokesman Bill Line said. Additional cracks were discovered on Wednesday. REUTERS/National Park Service/Handout (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS CONSTRUCTION) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS  Reuters via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:52pm
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A sign announces that the Washington Monument in Washington, remains closed after Tuesday’s earthquake, Wednesday, Aug. 24, 2011. A day after an earthquake rattled the nation’s capital, officials begin assessing the damage to some of the city’s oldest, and tallest, cultural landmarks including the National Cathedral and The Washington Monument. The monument remains closed after a crack was discovered at the top of the towering white obelisk on The National Mall. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak) AP via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:19am
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President Barack Obama walks across the South Lawn of the White House after exiting Marine One on return from Camp David, in Washington, on Sunday, July 10, 2011. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
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The Washington Monument is seen behind the White House in Washington, DC. With barely two days to act, US President Barack Obama and top lawmakers closed in Sunday in on an ambitious deal to avert a disastrous debt default sure to sow chaos in the fragile world economy less AFP Sun, Jul 31, 2011
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A US Park Service helicopter flies between the Washington Monument and the Capitol on the National Mall in Washington, Tuesday, Aug. 23, 2011, following an earthquake in the Washington area. A 5.9 magnitude earthquake centered in Virginia forced evacuations of all the monuments on the National Mall in Washington and rattled nerves from Georgia to Martha’s Vineyard, the Massachusetts island where President Barack Obama is vacationing. No injuries were immediately reported. (AP Photo /Jacquelyn Martin) Tue, Aug 23, 2011 Park Police officers and other security personnel gather at the base of the Washington Monument in Washington, Wednesday, Aug. 24, 2011, as it remains closed after Tuesday’s earthquake. A day after an earthquake rattled the nation’s capital, officials begin assessing the damage to some of the city’s oldest, and tallest, cultural landmarks including the National Cathedral and The Washington Monument. The monument remains closed after a crack was discovered at the top of the towering white obelisk on The National Mall. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak) AP via Yahoo! News – Aug 24 07:17am
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Belakangan ini muncul beberapa kejadian tidak biasa di sekitar tanggal yang memuat angka 4, sehingga seperti terkait dengan aku sebab namaku Firman yang dalam bahasa Belanda atau Jerman kata “fir” berarti empat. Seperti yang sudah aku tulis sebelum ini, Pesan Bill Gates Soal 13-14 dan Respon First Lady Soal Bill Gates 1314 terkait tanggal 14 Juni 2011.

Juga ada Isyarat First Lady Untuk Rahma Michelle Pray terkait tanggal 24 Juni 2011, Tidak Datang 4 Juli 2011 terkait tanggal 4 Juli 2011, Dua Undangan Juli 2011 terkait tanggal 24 Juli 2011, Heli Memuat Dian Jatuh Di Bitung terkait tanggal 4 Agustus 2011, Presiden Obama Ketemu Rahm Emanuel terkait tanggal 4 Agustus 2011, Indiana Stage Collapse terkait tanggal 14 Agustus 2011, dua orang Tewas Dari Pesawat Di Amerika Menjelang Tanggal 22 terkait tanggal 22 Agustus 2011.

Dan menjelang tanggal 24 Agustus 2011 muncul berita mengenai Gempa Langka Di Washington DC,  gempa bumi di Pantai Timur Amerika Serikat, atau biasa disebut dengan East Coast, dengan kekuatan M 5,8 berpusat di Virginia pada 23 Agustus 2011. Gempa itu juga mengguncang kota Washington DC dan New York, dua kota terkemuka di dunia yang memang berdekatan dengan pusat gempa di Virginia, sehingga para pekerja kantoran harus berlarian keluar gedung-gedung bertingkat untuk menyelamatkan diri.

Untuk kota New York, gempa dengan kekuatan M 5,8 itu merupakan gempa yang baru dirasakan lagi setelah gempa serupa 67 tahun yang lalu pada tahun 1944.

Gempa di kawasan East Coast merupakan kejadian yang jarang terjadi, beda dengan di West Coast. Seperti terlihat pada data diatas yang aku buat berdasarkan data yang ada di situs USGS, gempa di California hampir setiap tahun terjadi dan itupun untuk data diatas sudah aku batasi dengan data yang cuma dari tahun 1980 dan yang berkekuatan M 5,5 keatas. Bandingkan dengan gempa di Virginia yang meskipun dari data sejak tahun 1897 dan dari kekuatan lebih rendah yaitu  M 3,9 keatas, cuma ada tiga kejadian sebelum gempa 23 Agustus 2011 yang lalu.

Demikian pula dengan New York yang juga berada di kawasan East Coast seperti Virginia, terlihat pada data diatas bahwa sejak tahun 1884 cuma ada enam gempa dengan kekuatan mulai dari  M 3,3 keatas.

Para pekerja kantoran yang berlarian keluar gedung-gedung bertingkat untuk menyelamatkan diri di New York maupun Washington, mengingatkan pada gempa awal September 2009 di Tasikmalaya yang juga menyebabkan para pekerja kantoran di gedung-gedung bertingkat di Jakarta berlarian keluar. Ditambah dengan kelangkaan gempa di East Coast itu, sehingga menimbulkan kesan ada pesan penting dari langit untuk kita berdua.

Waktu aku mencari data-data mengenai gempa itu, aku baru tahu bahwa walikota di Washington DC yang menempati jabatan itu sejak awal tahun 2011 ini bernama Vincent C. Gray. Nama belakang Gray itu seperti kata yang berarti abu-abu, sehingga mengingatkan aku pada rekanku yang bernama belakang Abu yang  dulu pernah dekat dengan seorang cewe yang sebelum itu dekat sama aku, tapi kemudian hubungan mereka tak berlanjut ke pernikahan karena si cewe kemudian menikah sama cowo lain. Sehingga seperti pesan agar aku menikah sama kamu untuk kemudian aku ketemu ajal sesuai status kamu sebagai Ema untuk aku, seperti tanteku tante Ema yang tetap hidup setelah sang suami Oom Noel wafat. Sebab kalau tidak, aku cuma akan menjadi penyebab bencana.

Ada lagi soal lain yang menarik untuk diperhatikan. Pada 17 Agustus 2011 yang lalu aku menulis pesan Twitter kepada Bill Gates mengenai pak BJ Habibie yang dalam wawancara di Metro TV hari itu menyebutkan butuh dana 500 juta dollar AS untuk melanjutkan proyek pesawat N-250. Aku merasa perlu untuk memberitahu Bill Gates sebab pak Habibie menyebutkan bahwa ribuan sarjana Indonesia, yang merupakan aset nasional, terpaksa harus pindah bekerja ke luar negeri akibat penghentian proyek-proyek pesawat di perusahaan yang waktu itu bernama IPTN pada tahun 1998 sewaktu krisis moneter melanda Asia.

Pak BJ Habibie dikenal pula sebagai “Mr. Crack”. Seperti disebut oleh Abraham Furqan pada sebuah artikel yang dimuat di Kompas.com pada 1 Mei 2010, pak BJ Habibie disebut dengan “Mr. Crack” karena kemampuan beliau menghitung besar kerusakan yang terjadi di sayap pesawat. Pada awalnya dinding pesawat merupakan campuran material aluminium baja dan lain sebagainya yang cukup berat, ketika pesawat tinggal landas maka sayap pesawat terkena impact yang cukup besar hal ini mengakibatkan terjadinya crack yang sangat kecil sehingga jika pesawat melakukan penerbangan yang cukup lama, setelah beberapa ribu jam terbang akan menyebabkan tingkat kemungkinan sayap akan patah menjadi semakin besar. Kemudian seorang BJ Habibie mempelajari kejadian ini sampai akhirnya muncul teori tentang kerusakan ini. Perhitungan matematis yang ditemukan oleh BJ Habibie merupakan ilmu yang sangat hebat, karena beliau mampu membuat sayap pesawat lebih tahan dan mampu mengetahui tingkat kerusakan dari sambungan sayap dengan body pesawat terbang hingga dalam bentuk atom. Teori ini disebut crack propagation at plane of hypersonic.

Dan ternyata pada gempa 23 Agustus 2011 lalu di Washington DC telah terjadi crack pada Washington Monument, suatu menara besejarah di kawasan White House.  Menara Washington Monument sering nampak pada foto-foto ketika presiden AS sedang pergi atau pulang naik helikopter di halaman White House.


Jakarta, 26 Agustus 2011.
wassalam,


a.m. firmansyah
sms 0812 183 1538


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